03, September 2021
What is the Objective of Education?
Is it only to prepare the students academically, or instill bookish knowledge?
Before we speak about the importance of continuous and comprehensive evaluation, let us understand what the traditional educational model lacked.
The traditional educational system has been running on the same cyclical pattern, wherein the students enroll themselves in the institute. This is followed by them attending classes that are characterized by blackboard teaching, monotonous learning, and a lack of discernible interest in the classes.
The uninspiring practices that continue in several schools and higher educational institutes are aimed at preparing the learners just to qualify for the examinations.
A wholesome development of students is the major objective of education which includes the intellectual, physical, social, moral, ethical, emotional aspects. A holistic approach is a cornerstone for providing the ideal kind of education to the students and to facilitate that the institute should create a cooperative learning environment within and outside the classroom.
A wholesome development can only be ensured if the educators pay attention to:
- Cognitive abilities
- Affective abilities
- Psychomotor abilities
An appropriate way to assess if the children are progressing in a wholesome manner and not just academically is via Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation.
What is Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE)?
CCE or Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation is a process of evaluating the child’s development in all the school-related activities. This was a proposal of assessment that was directed under the Right to Education Act in 2009 by the Central Board of Secondary Education of India as well as the state governments in India.
Using CCE, teachers can diagnose learners' deficiencies using a variety of assessment activities. After completing the assessment activities, learners are provided feedback. The teacher gives them feedback and supports them to identify their problem areas.
It should be noted that the assessments of the performance include both scholastic and co-scholastic activities. Curricular and core subjects-related areas are included within scholastic activities whereas life skills, attitudes, and values are included within co-scholastic activities.
A) Scholastic Assessment
Scholastic areas comprise all the activities that are related to various subjects within the academic curricular; the educator aims to align the cognitive domain objectives along with different subjects.
To get a better understanding of this they can refer to Bloom’s Taxonomy which is a framework to classify learning objectives.
- Knowledge- This indicates the elaborate details associated with the subject matter; it also includes the ability to recall any information about the structure, pattern, and setting
- Comprehension- This indicates the ability to understand whatever he/she is listening to and implementing it when and if required
- Application- This indicates the ability to apply any theory or principle to solve a problem
- Analysis- The ability to identify faults and fallacies
- Synthesis- This relates to combining separate entities and elements into a whole
- Evaluation- Ability to conclude something after thoughtful analysis of given variables
The educators must ensure that the students participate in various activities in all the subject areas; in case the student falters anywhere the teacher should guide him/her accordingly. The learning objectives can only be achieved through active engagement from the students combined with productive feedback and guidance from the teachers; this is where the importance of continuous and comprehensive evaluation lies.
B) Co-scholastic Assessment
It has been a long and repetitive practice of most schools to focus more on the scholastic activities while ignoring the co-scholastic activities. With major educational reforms introduced over the years, schools and colleges alike have emphasized co-curricular activities. These activities include:
- Life Skills
- Social Values
The essential abilities that enable an individual to deal with any given situation tactfully and effectively are called life skills. In other words, these are psycho-social and interpersonal skills that help people to make decisions, make appropriate judgments, come up with innovative and creative solutions to a problem and enhance one’s productivity.
UNICEF, UNESCO, and WHO have enlisted ten core life skills that are instrumental in dealing with daily challenges and overcoming difficulties. The core skills are as follows:
- Critical thinking
- Creative thinking
- Decision making
- Interpersonal relationship skills
- Effective communication
- Coping with stress
- Coping with emotions
How to Assess Life Skills?
- Individual assessment: This includes any activity or task which is performed by any student individually.
- Group assessment: This includes any single project or assignment that is assigned to a group of students wherein they collaborate and complete the task.
- Self-assessment: Based on given criteria the students are supposed to evaluate their progress, understanding of subjects, knowledge, and skills, etc.
- Peer-assessment: In this particular assessment students are paired in a group wherein one student assesses the work of another.
One of the most assured ways to identify a student’s outlook and state of mind is through his/her behavior and attitude in the classroom. The teachers must focus on the student’s development of healthy behavior and attitude towards their teachers, peers, classmates, programs of the school, and the whole school environment.
How to Assess the Students’ Attitude?
Various techniques which can be utilized effectively to assess the student’s behavior are as follows:
- Self-report inventories
- Attitude scales
- The biographical and essay methods
- Projective tests
- Error-choice techniques
- Indirect observation
The growing concern for the holistic development of students has urged the schools to put equal emphasis on co-curricular activities which include various recreational games and sports. It has been discovered that sports and any other activities contribute to beneficial physical development, character education, and social skills.
Some of the noteworthy co-curricular activities include :
- Sports competition
- Cultural programs
- Story writing
- Drama club
Key Benefits of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation
- A very common occurrence among students is that they get extremely stressed out due to exams; some even stay up all night just to revise that one chapter in which he/she has a problem. CCE is a useful tool that can be used to reduce the anxiety or fear which clouds their minds whenever the exams approach nearer.
- The CCE evaluates the learning needs and abilities of students. With CCE, students can constantly test their abilities and put their best foot forward. The CCE allows teachers and students to identify the areas where students need more help.
- CCE helps teachers to systematize their strategies for effective teaching. Continual evaluation allows the teacher to detect weaknesses and identify certain students' learning styles. By identifying a student's learning difficulties on a regular basis, it helps in improving student performance.
- CCE is child-centric and treats each student as an individual. It aims to build on the unique abilities, strengths, and development of each child.
- Continuous and comprehensive assessment which is a crucial part of this evaluation structure helps to assess the progress of the students.
How can MasterSoft help to implement Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation in a school?
Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation is a school-based analysis procedure that is distinguished by the fact that the evaluation of the students takes place throughout the instructional process. Multiple techniques of evaluation need to be implemented to assess the progress of the students which includes quizzes, assignments, oral tests, peer evaluation, etc.
MasterSoft being the leading Edtech facilitator has onboarded many schools & met their educational needs. With the help of its advanced Learning Management System (LMS) any school can reap the benefits of utilizing many tools to create various tests and assignments for the students.
This will not only help to develop multiple tests but also with the help of many other assorted tools it can help to keep track of the progress of the students.