Choice Based Credit System (CBCS)

The amount of credits assigned for each course is different. By raising the bar for their skills, this program's main goal is to inspire children to be all-rounders.

What is Choice Based Credit System?


The CBCS system allows students to choose a number of courses from core, optional,foundational, or soft skill based courses. Students are able to study what they are interested in according to their own schedules.

Quality education plays an important role in enhancing knowledge, developing skills, building confidence, and creating a positive impact on students’ life. It empowers students to grow not just professionally, but also lays a solid foundation of personal growth. To ensure quality education, higher education institutions must focus on developing a balance between - imparting education & promoting skill development by providing flexibility to explore various fields.

Technology changes & the surge in automation has risen at a great pace in the last few years, demanding students to be more ready for the industry. Studying & Understanding other departmental courses can compliment & empower students’ growth. An engineering student can learn a Finance Management Course, which would be helpful for him.

Managing such various permutations requires great effort, majorly to map clashes in timetables & examinations, and more.

Introduced by the University Grants Commission (UGC), the CBCS or Choice Based Credit System offers an effective learning platform for students by broadening the horizons of education. It is a student-centric course that allows students to choose their subjects. The subjects can be at a basic or advanced level. Instead of the conventional marking system, the CBCS system uses credits.

This choice based credit system in higher education provides flexibility in preparing the curriculum and granting credits based on the course intensity and teaching hours. This helps students to pursue courses of their choice, study at their own pace, learn extra courses, and acquire more than the required credits.

CBCS emphasizes group discussions, assignments, class activities, and internal examinations thus creating a beneficial education environment.

3 Types Of Courses Offered By CBCS


CBCS system offers three types of course choices to the Students- Core, Elective, and Foundation.

Admission Management

Core Subject

  • Students Pick A Fundamental Subject.
  • To Be Required To Fulfil The Credit Requirement
  • Learner-Centered Strategy
Attendance Management

Elective Courses

  • Helpful For The Field Of Study
  • Giving A Broader Scope
  • Fostering Student Competence
Student Records Management

Paperless Documentation

  • Give Subjects With A Strong Moral Foundation.
  • Lead To The Improvement Of Knowledge
  • Assist Students In Securing Fantastic Professional Possibilities Throughout Time
  • Geared Toward Forming Better Humans

CBCS Grading System


Surpassing the conventional percentage and grading means of judging a student’s academic skills, CBCS follows a standard way of assessment & examination management. The CBCS software grading system is uniform across all educational institutes. It follows the semester pattern and not the annual examination pattern. There are two semesters in every academic year-odd and even. At the end of every semester evaluation and the assigning of grades is done.

The credits grading system is thus, more effective than the conventional percentage system. University Grants Commission has introduced a 10 point grading system, with 0 being absent/fail and 10 being outstanding.

Evaluation In Choice Based Credit System In Higher Education

Letter Grades Grade Points
O (Outstanding) 10
A+ (Excellent) 9
A (Very Good) 8
B+ (Good) 7
B (Above Average) 6
C (Average) 5
P (Pass) 4
F (Fail) or Absent (AB) 0

The number of hours a student attends the class also determines the credits.

In certain instances, if a student is unable to perform well due to health issues, they get the privilege of choosing fewer subjects. Surely, their credits would be affected negatively but CBCS allows them to earn the lost credits in the next semester.

To be honest, the CBCS can prove to be a boon for students who have the hunger to do something out of the box and achieve greater heights. This system will surely open doors to new career opportunities and help the students land up in their dream job.

There have been two popular ways to grade a course: relative grading and absolute grading. The grades are assigned based on a cut-off mark or percentile, and the relative grading is based on the distribution of marks earned by all course participants, which is typically normal. The marks are translated into grades under absolute grading based on pre-established class intervals. Any of the aforementioned approaches may be used by colleges and universities to apply the following grading scheme.

The UGC suggests using a 10-point scale with the letter grades.

How Does CBCS Work?


The choice based credit system in higher education works on the simple principle of the choice being in students’ hands. Colleges provide subject options to students. Students can choose subjects according to their interests and credits required for that particular semester.


Each semester is used for the assessment. There are 15–18 weeks of academic work (90 teaching days) in each semester. The curriculum is flexible and the credits are given depending on teaching hours and course material.

2 Credit System

Every course receives a specific number of credits. The student receives the credits for that course when he successfully completes it. Credits can be earned by students at their own speed.


The student is continually evaluated by both his or her teachers and by the student. The evaluation can be taken in any form and a 10-point grading system is used to assess the student’s performance.

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Benefits Of MasterSoft CBCS Software


Institutes may face difficulties in implementing and managing CBCS as the subjects chosen by every student is different. MasterSoft CBCS System Software developed in compliance with the guidelines set by the University Grants Commission (UGC) can help Institutes with this. It manages student curriculum, mapping of credits, generation of student performance reports, handles the examination timetable, and processes. After examination, the student information system software also produces online reports cards of students which enable them to access it from anywhere.

Multi- And Inter-Disciplinary Courses

Giving A Broader Scope

No-Hassle Subject Selection

Increases Student Job Opportunities

Access A Variety Of Topics That Are Based On Values

Individual System Configuration

Generation Of A Master Timetable

Consistent And Simple Navigation

Course Development And Allocation

A Successful Lesson Plan

Time And Money Savings

No Boundaries To Learning

Approach That Is Both Economically And Environmentally Viable

Real-Time Updates On Teaching Schedules Or Course Allocation

Tagging Homework With A Button Click

FAQ's On Choice Based Credit System (CBCS)

What Is The Choice Based Credit System (CBCS)?

The Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) is a student-centric educational model that offers a great opportunity for students to learn courses & subjects of their choice - core, elective courses, open or global electives & skill-based courses. Unlike the traditional education model, the CBCS grading pattern is based on earned credits in every semester or term.

What Is The Importance Of The CBCS System In Higher Education In India?

The Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) in higher education in India offers students the following benefits & helps them to achieve their goals.

  • Interdisciplinary approach to choose subjects & courses of their interest.
  • Learn at their own pace to acquire knowledge & skills for better growth.
  • Achieve their career goals & beyond by being a life-long learner.

How Does The Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) Works?

The Choice Based Credit System (CBCS system) offers a great opportunity to students by enabling them to choose & learn courses of their choice including – core, elective & skill based courses. The choice based courses are evaluated using credits rather than conventional marks & grade patterns. Students can go Major, Honor, and Minor with the flexibility to study courses at accelerated space.

How To Implement Choice Based Credit System (CBCS)?

Implementing the Choice Based Credit System (CBCS system) requires educators to contact an educational ERP vendor that offers robust software that could meet the guidelines of the CBCS pattern. It must have features that allow them to define pre-requisites such as defining courses, assigning lecturers, defining credit parameters, offering courses, allotment of courses to multiple teachers, dynamic time table generation, lesson planning, attendance monitoring, learning and assessments, mapping learning contents with course outcomes, course examination, and evaluation, grading and results, etc.