22, February 2022
The best way to ensure excellent academic progress is to be flexible enough to adapt unique learning and teaching methodologies. Being stagnant and rigid in regards to classroom activities will only lead to unproductive output. On the other hand, employing pedagogy in the class will help the teacher to improve their instructional approach and enable the students to get a better understanding of the learning material.
Educators have acknowledged the importance of shifting from mere textbook learning and blackboard teaching. They realised that students have varied needs and suffer due to monotonous and lacklustre techniques. But strategies such as flipped classroom model help the teachers to create an engaging environment in the class. Furthermore, it gives them the chance to include new activities, wherein the learners participate and get to learn in a fun and interesting way.
What is Flipped Classroom Model?
The flipped classroom is an innovative pedagogical approach that focuses on shifting the traditional learning style. It includes various activities that aim at increasing student engagement by moving towards a learner-centred approach rather than traditional models. This method enables the teachers to introduce new topics and free up time to explore topics at great length and create meaningful learning opportunities.
Four Pillars Of Flipped Classroom Model:
The four pillars of Flipped Classroom ( F- L - I - P)
F - Flexible Environment
L - Learning Culture
I - Intentional Content
P - Professional Educator
Let’s explore these 4 pillars of Flipped Classroom Model
1. Flexible Environment
Flipped learning enables the teachers to implement a number of varied learning models in the classroom. They can rearrange lesson plans to accommodate a unit or an assignment to support group work or individual study. Moreover, students have different problems and issues that the teacher can observe continually. Following this, they can provide different ways through which students can learn the content and demonstrate mastery over it.
2. Learning Culture
As mentioned previously, this approach shifts the instructional method from the traditional learning system where the teachers are the focus of attention. But in the flipped classroom approach, students take an active role by participating in many in-class activities. A few of the most useful flipped classroom activities include math manipulatives and emerging mathematical technologies, in-depth laboratory experiments, original document analysis, debate or speech presentation, current event discussions, peer-reviewing, project-based learning, and skill development or concept practice.
3. Intentional Content
Educators choose the best content relevant to the students to help them develop conceptual understanding and procedural fluency. In addition, teachers can accomplish the goal by integrating Bloom’s taxonomy within it. By implementing the lower levels of the framework(Remembering and Understanding) in the class and encouraging to use Applying, Analyzing and Creating outside the class.
4. Professional Educator
Professional educators have a significant role in this approach; they continuously observe each student and analyse their performance. Therefore, providing timely feedback to the learners and helping them with mitigative moves is essential. In fact, to make the flipped classroom pedagogy a successful endeavour, educators need to connect with their peers, who could provide helpful peer reviews about the practices.
What Is Bloom's Taxonomy? Applications & Importance Of Bloom's Taxonomy
Benefits of Implementing Flipped Classroom Model?
In 2007, High school Chemistry teachers Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams were the first to use the concept in their classroom.
There are multiple benefits of the flipped classroom methods that are as follows:
- Rather than focusing on theory-based learning, the approach uses a more application-based technique for students, for instance, hands-on and problem-solving activities.
- The flipped classroom can be effectively implemented in the online learning system through alearning management system. Consequently, it becomes convenient for teachers to manage online classes easily.
- It helps to narrow down the difficulties that each student are facing individually.
- It enhances the communication system by emphasising it in student to student and student to teacher settings.
- It helps the teachers identify the learners' skills and enables them to excel in their abilities.
- It makes a considerable difference regarding interacting with teachers.
How to Implement a Flipped Classroom Model ?
Below are the 6 steps for implementing the flipped classroom model
The first task is to determine the particular lesson that the teacher wants to flip; after that, they should sort out the learning outcomes, objectives, instructional resources, and material.
2. Pre-Class Duty
Before starting any work, the teacher needs to carry out a survey or conduct an activity that will enable them to provide information of the students know about a certain topic. This will also give them the ‘’heads-up’’ about the kind of in-class activities they can implement later.
3. Use Multimedia
The biggest incentive of using flipped classroom approach is that it gives the teacher the opportunity to utilise multimedia in their instructional methods. For instance, they can shoot a video explaining any topic and send it to students who need to listen and understand it clearly to participate in a discussion activity the next day.
4. Flipping the Main in-Class Activity
While conducting a class online or offline, teachers need to structure and restructure the class activities by dividing the class into groups of two or pairing students with each other. During the entire classroom session, the teacher needs to observe the students closely.
5. Post-Class Activity
After the conclusion of a particular class, teachers need to give proper guidance to the learners and extend learning activities that follow the in-class work.
6. Evaluate and Assess the Class Plan
After implementing the instructional model, teachers must evaluate the effectiveness of their approach. They can do so by assessing:
- If the students have gained an understanding of the topics taught and examine if they have learned new skills.
- Identify the students’ ability to connect the learning content with the real-life context and use.
- Identify if the delivery format was effective in regards to communicating the message.